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Application of charge-coupled devices to infrared detection and imaging

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5 Author(s)

A review of infrared sensitive charge-coupled devices (IRCCD) is presented. Operational requirements of typical IRCCD applications are briefly introduced. IRCCD devices are divided into two major categories: a) Monolithic devices, which essentially extend the original CCD concept into the IR. Monolithic IRCCD's discussed include inversion-mode devices (with narrow bandgap semiconductor substrate), accumulation-mode devices (extrinsic wide bandgap semiconductor substrate), and Schottky-barrier devices (internal photoemission), b) Hybrid devices, in which the functions of detection and signal processing are performed in separate but integratable components by an array of IR detectors and a silicon CCD shift register unit. Hybrid IRCCD's discussed include both direct injection devices (in conjunction with photovoltaic IR detectors) and indirect injection devices (in conjunction with pyroelectric and photoconductive devices).

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:63 ,  Issue: 1 )