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Czochralski-grown ruby as a maser material

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2 Author(s)

Compared to standard Verneuil ruby, Czochralski ruby shows a rather high inversion ratio when used as a microwave maser material in the 4-GHz range. This is in good agreement with the more pure spin-lattice relaxation behavior which was observed when testing this material.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 10 )