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Ultrasonics in geology

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1 Author(s)
Simmons, Gene ; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.

Ultrasonics is used in geology for the determination of elastic properties of rocks and minerals. For measurements on rocks, techniques with precisions of a few percent have come into use; these measure delay times of elastic waves propagating through specimens several inches long. For single crystals, the techniques are the same as those used in solid-state physics; they are basically interferometric methods. Techniques of measurement are reviewed. An extensive bibliography is included.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 10 )