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This paper presents techniques for the merging of 3D data coming from different sensors, such as ground and aerial laser range scans. The 3D models created are reconstructed to give a photo-realistic scene enabling interactive virtual walkthroughs, measurements and scene change analysis. The reconstructed model is based on a weighted integration of all available data based on sensor-specific parameters such as noise level, accuracy, inclination and reflectivity of the target, spatial distribution of points. The geometry is robustly reconstructed with a volumetric approach. Once registered and weighed, all data is re-sampled in a multi-resolution distance field using out-of-core techniques. The final mesh is extracted by contouring the iso-surface with a feature preserving dual contouring algorithm. The paper shows results of the above technique applied to Verona (Italy) city centre.
Date of Conference: 13-16 June 2005