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An adaptive impedance tuning CMOS circuit for ISM 2.4-GHz band

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2 Author(s)
Sjoblom, P. ; Lund Univ., Sweden ; Sjoland, H.

The difficulties encountered in matching an antenna to its optimal impedance are reduced with an adaptive 0.35-μm CMOS circuit based on several switched shunt capacitors arranged in capacitor banks and on a few external series inductors. As high-quality inductors are difficult to obtain in CMOS, the inductors are placed either in an low-temperature cofired ceramic (LTCC) substrate or is a lumped component outside the core circuit. The circuits, presented here through a range of simulations, are optimized to function within the ISM 2.4-GHz band, but the general approach employed to improve matching can be used for other frequency bands as well. The circuits discussed provide a VSWR≤2 match for every impedance with VSWR≤5. There is a 1-dB power loss for a perfect 50 Ω→50 Ω transformation, a break-even point at VSWR=1.5, and a 3-dB increase in delivered power for VSWR= 4.3.

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Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 6 )