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Neuromorphic implementation of orientation hypercolumns

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5 Author(s)
Choi, T.Y.W. ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., China ; Merolla, P.A. ; Arthur, J.V. ; Boahen, K.A.
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Neurons in the mammalian primary visual cortex are selective along multiple stimulus dimensions, including retinal position, spatial frequency, and orientation. Neurons tuned to different stimulus features but the same retinal position are grouped into retinotopic arrays of hypercolumns. This paper describes a neuromorphic implementation of orientation hypercolumns, which consists of a single silicon retina feeding multiple chips, each of which contains an array of neurons tuned to the same orientation and spatial frequency, but different retinal locations. All chips operate in continuous time, and communicate with each other using spikes transmitted by the address-event representation protocol. This system is modular in the sense that orientation coverage can be increased simply by adding more chips, and expandable in the sense that its output can be used to construct neurons tuned to other stimulus dimensions. We present measured results from the system, demonstrating neuronal selectivity along position, spatial frequency and orientation. We also demonstrate that the system supports recurrent feedback between neurons within one hypercolumn, even though they reside on different chips. The measured results from the system are in excellent concordance with theoretical predictions.

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Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 6 )