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CURL 10: development and field-test of a 10 kV/10 MVA resistive current limiter based on bulk MCP-BSCCO 2212

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7 Author(s)
J. Bock ; Nexans SuperConductors GmbH, Hurth, Germany ; F. Breuer ; H. Walter ; S. Elschner
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Within the German project CURL 10 a full scale three-phase resistive current limiter was developed and successfully tested up to the nominal voltage and power (10 kV, 10 MVA). This is up today the largest HTS current limiter world wide. The device is based on bifilar coils of MCP-BSCCO 2212 bulk material and operates at T=66 K. Per phase 30 components are connected in series in order to obtain the required resistance. The electrical stabilization is based on a metallic shunt contacted continuously to the superconductor and allows electrical fields up to 0.6 V/cm. We report on the development of the superconducting components and their large-scale manufacturing processes including material, contacts, mechanical stabilization, high voltage insulation and quality control. In a series of preliminary small scale tests at different temperatures as well as in the final tests with the full scale prototype reliable current limitation could be demonstrated in the full range of prospective fault currents, also in the particular dangerous small load regime. Since April 2004 the demonstrator has been installed within a field test in the grid of RWE.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 2 )