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Spatiotemporal video segmentation based on graphical models

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4 Author(s)
Yang Wang ; Inst. for Infocomm Res., Singapore ; Kia-Fock Loe ; Tan, T. ; Jian-Kang Wu

This paper proposes a probabilistic framework for spatiotemporal segmentation of video sequences. Motion information, boundary information from intensity segmentation, and spatial connectivity of segmentation are unified in the video segmentation process by means of graphical models. A Bayesian network is presented to model interactions among the motion vector field, the intensity segmentation field, and the video segmentation field. The notion of the Markov random field is used to encourage the formation of continuous regions. Given consecutive frames, the conditional joint probability density of the three fields is maximized in an iterative way. To effectively utilize boundary information from the intensity segmentation, distance transformation is employed in local objective functions. Experimental results show that the method is robust and generates spatiotemporally coherent segmentation results. Moreover, the proposed video segmentation approach can be viewed as the compromise of previous motion based approaches and region merging approaches.

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 7 )