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An adaptive visual attentive tracker for human communicational behaviors using HMM-based TD learning with new State distinction capability

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3 Author(s)
Ho, M.A.T. ; Denso IT Lab. Inc., Tokyo, Japan ; Yamada, Y. ; Umetani, Y.

To develop a nonverbal communication channel between an operator and a system, we built a tracking system called the Adaptive Visual Attentive Tracker (AVAT) to track and zoom in to the operator's behavioral sequence which represents his/her intention. In our system, hidden Markov models (HMMs) first roughly model the gesture pattern. Then, the state transition probabilities in HMMs are used to assign as the rewards in temporal difference (TD) learning. Later, the TD learning method is utilized to adjust the action model of the tracker for its situated behaviors in the tracking task. Identification of the hand sign gesture context through wavelet analysis autonomously provides a reward value for optimizing AVAT's action patterns. Experimental results of tracking the operator's hand sign action sequences during her natural walking motion with higher accuracy are shown which demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed HMM-based TD learning algorithm of AVAT. During TD learning experiments, the exploring randomly chosen actions sometimes exceed the predefined state area, and thus involuntarily enlarge the domain of states. We describe a method utilizing HMMs with continuous observation distribution to detect whether the state would be split to make a new state. The generation of new states brings the ability of enlarging the predefined area of states.

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Robotics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 3 )