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An integrated circuit design for pruned tree-search vector quantization encoding with an off-chip controller

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3 Author(s)
R. Jain ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., California Univ., Los Angeles, CA, USA ; A. Madisetti ; R. L. Baker

The design of an encoder for pruned tree-search vector quantization (VQ) is discussed. This allows near-optimal performance in a mean square error sense while keeping the hardware complexity low. The encoder is partitioned into a slave processor chip that computes the distance and performs minimizations and an off-chip controller that directs the search. Pointer addressing is exploited in the codebook memory to keep the controller hardware simple. Inputs to the slave processor include the source vectors, the code vectors; and external control signals. The slave processor outputs the index of the code vector that best approximates the input in a mean square error sense. The layout for the slave processor has been generated using a 1.2-μm CMOS library and measures 5.76×6.6 mm2. Critical path simulation with SPICE indicates a throughput of 89 million multiply-accumulates per second. This implies that real-time processing at MPEG rates can be achieved if the number of levels (N7) and the number of children at any node (M) obey the constraint M ×N<32

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 2 )