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This paper studies the effect of chip waveform shaping on the performance of band-limited multicarrier direct-sequence code-division multiple-access (MC-DS-CDMA) systems. The performance criterion is the average multiple access interference at the output of a correlation receiver. A criterion based on the elementary density function is introduced for the performance comparison of various chip waveforms. It is demonstrated that the performance of MC-DS-CDMA systems is quite insensitive to the chip waveform shaping. Moreover, the optimum chip waveform for MC-DS-CDMA systems is practically the same as that of a single-carrier DS-CDMA system.