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This paper presents a hygrometer setup for measuring the concentration of water vapor in air by means of infrared absorption spectroscopy. Recently developed vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) emitting near 1.84 μm are used as source of the infrared light. The laser hygrometer is able to calculate the density of water molecules from the measurement of one single light-current characteristic, without any additional reference measurement. The absolute and relative humidity are calculated from the water molecule density and the temperature of the ambient air.