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Due to the critical role played by data memory subsystems in the performance and energy efficiency of embedded systems, the design of energy-efficient data memory architectures has received considerable attention in recent years. In this paper, we propose a novel special-purpose data memory subsystem called Xtream-Fit which is aimed at achieving high energy-delay efficiency for streaming media applications. A key novelty of Xtream-Fit is that it exposes a single customization parameter, thus enabling a very simple and yet effective design space exploration methodology. A second key contribution of this paper is the ability to achieve very high energy-delay efficiency through a synergistic combination of: 1) special purpose memory subsystem components, namely, a streaming memory and a scratch-pad memory and (2) a novel task-based execution model that exposes/enhances opportunities for efficient prefetching, and aggressive dynamic energy conservation techniques targeting on-chip and off-chip memory components. Extensive experimental results show that Xtream-Fit reduces the energy-delay product by 22% to 61%, as compared to general-purpose memory subsystems enhanced with state of the art cache decay and SDRAM power-mode control policies.
Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:24 , Issue: 6 )
Date of Publication: June 2005