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Dynamic models and model validation for PEM fuel cells using electrical circuits

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3 Author(s)
Caisheng Wang ; Electr. & Comput. Eng. Dept., Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT, USA ; M. H. Nehrir ; S. R. Shaw

This paper presents the development of dynamic models for proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells using electrical circuits. The models have been implemented in MATLAB/SIMULINK and PSPICE environments. Both the double-layer charging effect and the thermodynamic characteristic inside the fuel cell are included in the models. The model responses obtained at steady-state and transient conditions are validated by experimental data measured from an Avista Labs SR-12 500-W PEM fuel-cell stack. The models could be used in PEM fuel-cell control related studies.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 2 )