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Intestinal myoelectrical activity (IMA), which determines bowel mechanical activity, is the result of two components: a low-frequency component [slow wave (SW)] that is always present, and a high-frequency component [spike bursts (SB)] which is associated with bowel contractions. Despite of the diagnostic significance of internal recordings of IMA, clinical application of this technique is limited due to its invasiveness. Thus, surface recording of IMA which is also called electroenterogram (EEnG) could be a solution for noninvasive monitoring of intestinal motility. The aim of our work was to identify slow wave and spike burst activity on surface EEnG in order to quantify bowel motor activity. For this purpose, we conducted simultaneous recordings of IMA in bowel serosa and on abdominal surface of five Beagle dogs in fast state. Surface EEnG was studied in spectral domain and frequency bands for slow wave and spike burst energy were determined. Maximum signal-to-interference ratio (7.5dB±36%) on SB frequency band was obtained when reducing upper frequency limit of signal analysis. Energy of external EEnG in reduced SB frequency band (2-7.9Hz) presented a high correlation (0.71±7%) with internal intensity of contractions. Our results suggest that energy of SB can be quantified on external EEnG which could provide a noninvasive method for monitoring intestinal mechanical activity.
Date of Publication: June 2005