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This paper presents an adaptive backstepping control approach for the motion control of a Stewart platform. The control scheme is proposed given that the overall system parameters are subject to uncertainties while only the positions and velocities of links are measurable. To achieve high performance tracking control of a 6 DOF Stewart platform normally requires the full knowledge of the system dynamics. In this paper, some important properties of the dynamics of the Stewart platform have been derived and exploited to develop an adaptive backstepping controller which can drive the motion tracking error to zero asymptotically. Stability analysis based on Lyapunov theory is performed to guarantee that the controller design is stable. Finally, the experimental results confirm the effectiveness of our control design.