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It is known that computational loads of the propagator method (PM) can be significantly smaller, e.g., one or two order, than those of MUSIC and ESPRIT because the PM does not require any eigenvalue decomposition (EVD) of the cross-correlation matrix and singular value decomposition (SVD) of the received data. However, the PM of the parallel shape array has nonnegligible drawbacks such as 1) requirement of pair matching between the 2-D azimuth and elevation angle estimation which is an exhaustive search and 2) estimation failure problems when elevation angles are between 70° and 90°. The purpose of this paper is to show a way to remove these problems in the PM without additional computational loads. This paper will employ one or two L-shape arrays because the parallel shape used in the PM may cause the aforesaid problems. Simulation results verify that the PM with one or two L-shape configurations can remove these problems and improve the performance of the PM significantly, e.g., almost 5 dB in signal to noise ratio for the parameters used in this paper.
Date of Publication: May 2005