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An optimal design methodology for inductive power link with class-E amplifier

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7 Author(s)
Kendir, G.A. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA ; Wentai Liu ; Guoxing Wang ; Sivaprakasam, M.
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This paper presents a design methodology of a highly efficient power link based on Class-E driven, inductively coupled coil pair. An optimal power link design for retinal prosthesis and/or other implants must take into consideration the allowable safety limits of magnetic fields, which in turn govern the inductances of the primary and secondary coils. In retinal prosthesis, the optimal coil inductances have to deal with the constraints of the coil sizes, the tradeoffs between the losses, H-field limitation and dc supply voltage required by the Class-E driver. Our design procedure starts with the formation of equivalent circuits, followed by the analysis of the loss of the rectifier and coils and the H-field for induced voltage and current. Both linear and nonlinear models for the analysis are presented. Based on the procedure, an experimental power link is implemented with an overall efficiency of 67% at the optimal distance of 7 mm between the coils. In addition to the coil design methodology, we are also presenting a closed-loop control of Class-E amplifier for any duty cycle and any value of the systemQ.

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Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 5 )