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An enhanced transmission line model (ETL) has been recently proposed to describe the propagation along two parallel wires with circular cross sections up to wavelengths comparable to the distance between the wires. In this paper, a general ETL model is proposed to describe the propagation along interconnects consisting of wires with arbitrary cross sections. Since the ETL model has the same simplicity of the standard transmission line model, it allows investigating high-frequency effects, like radiation and dispersion, with a computational cost which is sensibly lower than that required by a full-wave numerical simulation. The ETL model is obtained, with suitable approximations, starting from a full-wave analysis of the propagation problem and using an integral formulation based on the electromagnetic potentials satisfying the Lorentz gauge. Some case studies are carried out and discussed, including a benchmark test with existing literature, performed to check the validity and accuracy of the proposed model.
Date of Publication: May 2005