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Dishing-radius model of copper CMP dishing effects

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2 Author(s)
Runzi Chang ; Appl. Mater. Inc., Santa Clara, CA, USA ; C. J. Spanos

Copper chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP) dishing concerns semiconductor manufacturing yield in contemporary back-end-of-the-line process. In this work, we first propose and validate a dishing model through first-principle analysis and carefully designed experimentation. This model utilizes the novel concept of dishing radius, a metric that assumes cylindrically shaped post-CMP copper surface and directly captures the extent of metal dishing for a CMP process. Additionally, a dishing-model-based method for extracting the parameterized two-dimensional post-CMP metal profile is developed for damascene structures. The case study utilizing this method shows that the extracted parameters are in good agreement with those from cross-sectional scanning electron microscopy and surface profilers, which confirmed that dishing radius is linewidth-independent for typical metal lines. This method is particularly useful in determining dishing artifacts, which are modeled using the dishing radius concept. The approach is nondestructive, precise, and efficient.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 2 )