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A 4.8-GHz LC voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) optimized for maximum tuning range was designed and fabricated using 0.25-μm 1P5M CMOS process. The optimized design used an inverse proportionality between the two parasitic capacitances of the inductor and the MOS transistors for minimizing the parasitic capacitance at the oscillation node. The fabricated LC VCO has a wide tuning range of 20.3% from 4.32 GHz to 5.3 GHz with a power dissipation of 7.3 mW. This tuning range performance is comparable to, or better than, those of the reported CMOS LC VCOs in 5-GHz band. The measured phase noise is -82 dBc/Hz and -114.6 dBc/Hz at 100 KHz and 1-MHz offset, respectively.
Date of Publication: May 2005