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Space division multiple access (SDMA) is a technique which can be used to increase the capacity of mobile communication systems by exploiting the spatial separation between different users. Space-time block codes can provide good performance in wireless fading channels through spatial diversity. Here these two techniques are combined to produce a new cooperative diversity architecture for code division multiple access (CDMA)/SDMA cellular systems using a space-time block code. An analysis of the system performance is given for a Rayleigh fading channel. This analysis can easily be generalized to similar systems. The bit error rate performance for this architecture with the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System, UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access, time-division duplex (UMTS UTRA TDD) and time-division synchronous CDMA (TD-SCDMA) systems is presented.