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We design serial concatenated multi-input multi-output systems based on low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. We employ a receiver structure combining the demapper/detector and the decoder in an iterative fashion. We consider the a posteriori probability (APP) demapper, as well as a suboptimal demapper incorporating interference cancellation with linear filtering. Extrinsic information transfer (EXIT) chart analysis is applied to study the convergence behavior of the proposed schemes. We show that EXIT charts match very well with the simulated decoding trajectories, and they help explain the impact of different mappings and different demappers. It is observed that if the APP demapper transfer characteristics are almost flat, the LDPC codes optimized for binary-input channels are good enough to achieve performance close to the channel capacity. We also present a simple code-optimization method based on EXIT chart analysis, and we design a rate-1/2 LDPC code that achieves very low bit-error rates within 0.15 dB of the capacity of a two-input two-output Rayleigh fading channel with 4-pulse amplitude modulation. We next propose to use a space-time block code as an inner code of our serial concatenated coding scheme. By means of a simple example scheme, using an Alamouti inner code, we demonstrate that the design/optimization of the outer code (e.g., LDPC code) is greatly simplified.
Date of Publication: April 2005