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A method has been developed that, based on the guide wire position in monoplane fluoroscopic images, visualizes the approximate guide wire position in the three-dimensional (3-D) vasculature, that is obtained prior to the intervention with 3-D rotational X-ray angiography (3DRA). The method assumes the position of the guide wire in the fluoroscopic images is known. A two-dimensional feature image is determined from the 3DRA data. In this feature image, the guide wire position is determined in a two-step approach: a mincost algorithm is used to determine a suitable position for the guide wire, and subsequently a snake optimization technique is applied to move the guide wire to a better position. The resulting guide wire can then be visualized in 3-D in combination with the 3DRA dataset. The reconstruction accuracy of the method has been evaluated using a 3DRA image of a vascular phantom filled with contrast, and monoplane fluoroscopic images of the same phantom without contrast and with a guide wire inserted. The evaluation has been performed for different projection angles, and with different parameters for the method. The final result does not appear to be very sensitive to the parameters of the method. The average mean error of the estimated 3-D guide wire position is 1.5 mm, and the average tip distance is 2.3 mm. The effect of inaccurate C-arm geometry information is also investigated. Small errors in geometry information (up to 1°) will slightly decrease the 3-D reconstruction accuracies, with an error of at most 1 mm. The feasibility of this approach on clinical data is demonstrated.