Skip to Main Content
Continuous phase modulation (CPM) and trellis-coded modulation are well-understood schemes that layer trellis codes with multilevel modulation to produce efficient bandwidth waveforms. This paper describes a novel modulation scheme which takes advantage of existing trellis codes and adds parallel branches to create a new modulation with greater spectral efficiency and reduced receiver complexity. The first part of the paper discusses the trade-off between Euclidean distance and modulation bandwidth for the standard 1-REC CPM waveform. A set of orthogonal signals can be added to the CPM constellation which provides a series of parallel branches in the natural trellis structure of the CPM modulation. The corresponding bandwidth expansion and throughput improvement is analyzed and the advantages of this modulation technique are discussed. This new, non-constant envelope CPM waveform is compared to the multi-level, multi-amplitude CPM waveform (described in Proakis). In similar fashion, a trellis-coded, shaped PSK modulation is expanded to include orthogonal signal shaping and the power and spectral efficiencies are discussed.