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Recently proposed opportunistic beamforming exploits the multiuser diversity to reduce the feedback by not requiring the precoding information used for closed-loop schemes to be known at the transmitter. Opportunism could also be beneficially employed for other multiple-antenna transmission techniques like cophasing and antenna selection. For opportunistic beamforming and antenna selection, we give closed-form expressions for throughput that closely approximate the performance of these schemes with a Proportionally Fair scheduler (PFS) at low signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). For large number of transmit antennas, opportunistic cophasing has similar performance as opportunistic beamforming. Asymptotic dependence of the required number of users to achieve the gains of opportunism on the number of transmit antennas is exponential for opportunistic beamforming (and cophasing for large numbers of transmit antennas), and at best linear for opportunistic antenna selection. For multiple-antenna receivers, we additionally examine an opportunistic multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) scheme that transmits multiple data streams simultaneously to the same user.
Date of Publication: May 2005