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Microwave land emissivity calculations using AMSU measurements

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4 Author(s)
F. Karbou ; Centre Nat. de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS, Velizy, France ; C. Prigent ; L. Eymard ; J. R. Pardo

Atmospheric parameter retrievals over land from Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) measurements, such as atmospheric temperature and moisture profiles, could be possible using a reliable estimate of the land emissivity. The land surface emissivities have been calculated using six months of data, for 30 beam positions (observation zenith angles from -58° to +58°) and the 23.8-, 31.4-, 50.3-, 89-, and 150-GHz channels. The emissivity calculation covers a large area including Africa, Eurasia, and Eastern South America. The day-to-day variability of the emissivity is less than 2% in these channels. The angular and spectral dependence of the emissivity is studied. The obtained AMSU emissivities are in good agreement with the previously derived SSMI ones. The scan asymmetry problem has been evidenced for AMSU-A channels. And possible extrapolation of the emissivity from window channels to sounding ones has been successfully tested.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 5 )