Skip to Main Content
All-optical flip-flop operation of multimode interference bistable laser diodes (MMI-BLDs) was experimentally demonstrated for the first time. The MMI-BLD was prepared with a conventional ridge waveguide laser diode fabrication procedure, suitable for photonic integrated circuits. Bistable switching via two-mode bistability was obtained with approximately 0-dBm input powers due to cross-gain saturation and the saturable absorbers. Bit-length conversion was successfully obtained with noninverted and inverted outputs. This device will be useful in future photonic systems requiring all-optical latching functions such as optical memory, self-routing, and further optical signal processing.