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In this paper, the theoretical foundations of the equivalence between waveguide propagation below cutoff and artificial plasmas are carefully analyzed through the derivation of the propagation constants of normal modes in waveguides filled with anisotropic plasmas. The equivalence between waveguide and dielectric plasma proposed by Marquees et al., which is valid for evanescent TE modes, has a dual counterpart for magnetic plasmas and evanescent TM modes. This new equivalence states that a negative magnetic permeability medium can be simulated by means of TM modes below their cutoff frequencies. The need of an anisotropic filling of the waveguide for the equivalence between plasmas and evanescent modes is also highlighted. To exemplify the applicability of this new equivalence, a structure that implements a double-negative medium has been proposed. Full-wave simulations of the proposed structure and measurements from an experimental setup are presented, both of which corroborate the new equivalence's validity.
Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:53 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: April 2005