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Efficient electromagnetic source imaging with adaptive standardized LORETA/FOCUSS

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4 Author(s)
Schimpf, P.H. ; Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Washington State Univ. Spokane, WA, USA ; Hesheng Liu ; Ramon, Ceon ; Haueisen, J.

Functional brain imaging and source localization based on the scalp's potential field require a solution to an ill-posed inverse problem with many solutions. This makes it necessary to incorporate a priori knowledge in order to select a particular solution. A computational challenge for some subject-specific head models is that many inverse algorithms require a comprehensive sampling of the candidate source space at the desired resolution. In this study, we present an algorithm that can accurately reconstruct details of localized source activity from a sparse sampling of the candidate source space. Forward computations are minimized through an adaptive procedure that increases source resolution as the spatial extent is reduced. With this algorithm, we were able to compute inverses using only 6% to 11% of the full resolution lead-field, with a localization accuracy that was not significantly different than an exhaustive search through a fully-sampled source space. The technique is, therefore, applicable for use with anatomically-realistic, subject-specific forward models for applications with spatially concentrated source activity.

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 5 )