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Analysis and characterization of switched reluctance motors: Part II. Flow, thermal, and vibration analyses

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2 Author(s)
K. N. Srinivas ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Crescent Eng. Coll., Chennai, India ; R. Arumugam

This paper presents new approaches for certain mechanical characterizations, such as thermal and vibration analyses, of switched reluctance motors (SRMs). The paper presents, in three parts, the modeling and simulation procedure for three-dimensional (3-D) finite-element analysis (FEA)-based flow analysis, flow-analysis-based thermal analysis, and a realistic vibration analysis. Section I documents a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) flow analysis procedure for the evaluation of the air velocity distribution inside the SRM at any speed. Section II presents a prediction method for steady-state and transient thermal characteristics of an SRM, using 3-D FEA. The convection coefficient at various heat-dissipating surfaces inside SRM, which is not a material property, but a quantity that solely depends on the air velocity at the respective surfaces, is the major parameter to be evaluated for an accurate simulation of heat distribution. The results of CFD analysis are used, for the first time on SRM, for this purpose. Windage loss calculation, one of the other applications of CFD, is introduced. Vibration in electric motors is an inevitable, at the same time undesirable, property that originates from four major sources: mechanical, magnetic, applied loads and, to a smaller extent, the associated electronic devices. Section III presents: 1) a thorough numerical study of vibration analysis in SRMs, using 3-D FEA methodology, covering all the above vibration sources except the electronics; 2) a 3-D modal analysis of SRMs including stator and rotor structures, shaft, end shields, bearings, and housing; 3) an unbalanced rotor dynamics analysis; 4) associated harmonic analysis; and 5) a stress analysis under various loading conditions. The 3-D vibration analyses presented in this paper to examine the vibration in SRM as a whole are new additions to SRM vibration analysis. Section IV concludes the paper. Future work in every section is highlighted.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 4 )