Skip to Main Content
We describe a truncated-domain method for calculating eddy currents in a plate with a long flaw. The plate is modeled as a conductive half-space and the flaw is a long slot with a rectangular cross section. A long two-dimensional (2-D) coil carrying an alternating current is aligned parallel to the slot. The coil impedance variation with frequency is determined for an arbitrary coil location. The electromagnetic field due to a long coil above a conductive half-space can be expressed as integrals of trigonometric functions. For a half-space with a long slot, however, additional boundary conditions must be satisfied at the slot walls. The truncated-domain method makes this possible by recasting the problem in a finite domain; as a result, the Fourier integral is replaced by a series. The domain can be made arbitrarily large, thereby yielding results that are numerically as close to the infinite domain solution as desired. We have used the truncated domain approach to study both eddy-current flaw interactions and edge effects in the limiting case of a very wide and deep slot. We confirmed the theoretical predictions by comparing them with results of a 2-D finite element calculation and of experiments.