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Characterization of a self-magnetic-pinched diode

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12 Author(s)
D. Hinshelwood ; Plasma Phys. Div., Naval Res. Lab., Washington, DC, USA ; G. Cooperstein ; D. Mosher ; D. M. Ponce
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Self-magnetic-pinched diode behavior at 1.5-2 MV was diagnosed using a variety of electrical, radiation, and optical diagnostics. Results are compared with predictions of the LSP particle-in-cell code, and shown to be in good agreement. A practical diagnostic of electron incidence angles is demonstrated. A quadrature interferometer is shown to be capable of measuring the time-dependent position of the effective electrode-plasma boundaries. Both one-dimensional (1-D) and two-dimensional (2-D) interferometry show the importance of anode plasma expansion in such diodes with high anode-power concentration. Not only does the anode plasma contribute significantly to gap closure, but there is evidence that anode plasma expansion results in a distortion of the effective anode shape, which can significantly affect the diode performance.

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IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 2 )