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Distribution factors of reactive power flow in transmission line and transformer outage studies

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2 Author(s)
C. -Y. Lee ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Inst. of Technol., Taipei, Taiwan ; N. Chen

The authors present a fast and accurate method to calculate a set of distribution factors of reactive power flow for transmission line and transformer outage studies. The transmission branches are broken into two categories: transmission lines and transformers. Separate formulas are derived to calculate the distribution factors of the reactive power flow. A transmission line model is developed. The reactive power flow in a line is divided into two parts: the transmission part and the loss part. Based on this model, transmission line outages were simulated by power injections which cancel the reactive power flow in the outage lines. Formulas to calculate the distribution factors of the reactive power flow are derived using the decoupled load flow characteristic, network sensitivities, and the principle of superposition. The formulas to calculate the distribution factors of the reactive power flow in transformers are also derived

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Power Systems  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 1 )