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We present a focal plane array (FPA) designed for operation at terahertz frequencies. The FPA is based on NbN phonon-cooled hot electron bolometer mixers directly coupled to wide-band microwave monolithic integrated circuit IF amplifiers. The array incorporates all the required dc-bias and IF circuitry in a compact split-block design. We present new experimental results describing the optical coupling efficiency to the array, as well as receiver noise temperature measurements. The measurements were performed at 1.6 THz, showing good agreement with theoretical predictions. This is the first low-noise heterodyne focal plane array to be reported for any frequency above 1 THz.
Date of Publication: April 2005