Skip to Main Content
We present a framework for improving local protein alignment algorithms. Specifically, we discuss how to extend local protein aligners to use a collection of vector seeds or ungapped alignment seeds to reduce noise hits. We model picking a set of seed models as an integer programming problem and give algorithms to choose such a set of seeds. While the problem is NP-hard, and Quasi-NP-hard to approximate to within a logarithmic factor, it can be solved easily in practice. A good set of seeds we have chosen allows four to five times fewer false positive hits, while preserving essentially identical sensitivity as BLASTP.