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On the impact of multi-antenna RF transceivers' amplitude and phase mismatches on transmit MRC

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6 Author(s)

Transmit maximum-ratio combining (transmit MRC) is a popular antenna diversity technique that provides both spatial diversity and array gain in downlink multiple-input single-output (MISO) links. These gains, however, critically depend on the availability of the downlink channel state information (CSI). In time-division duplexing systems, channel reciprocity has been commonly put forth to justify the convenient use of the CSI already acquired from the uplink, in the calculation of the transmit-MRC weights. Recent work has questioned this practice, based on the non-reciprocity of multi-antenna RF transceivers, due to significant amplitude and phase mismatches across the antennas. Furthermore, expensive digital calibration solutions have been proposed to enforce the reciprocity of the multi-antenna RF transceivers. Both the impact of multi-antenna amplitude and phase mismatches and the performance of the proposed calibration approaches have only been assessed via simulations. In this contribution, we propose an alternative statistical analysis of the impact of these mismatches on transmit MRC. This analysis allows a faster and more reliable characterization as well as provides insight into the relative importance of these mismatches. Consequently, sufficient matching requirements can be extracted for the multi-antenna RF transceivers, for which simpler and cheaper calibration solutions can be devised.

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 2005. Proceedings. (ICASSP '05). IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:4 )

Date of Conference:

18-23 March 2005