Skip to Main Content
For the development of future wireless systems, it is crucial to create accurate channel models. Channel sounding using antenna arrays and consequently propagation parameter estimation are key tasks in creating such models. In this paper we present an estimator for the angular distribution of the diffuse scattering component that is observed in channel sounding measurements. The angular distribution is modeled as a mixture of Von Mises distributions, which correspond to scatterer clusters. The parameters of the individual distributions as well as the mixture proportions are estimated. The large sample performance of the estimator is studied by deriving the Cramer-Rao lower bound and comparing the variance of the estimates to it. The simulations show that the the proposed estimator has asymptotically optimal performance since it attains the Cramer-Rao lower bound for relatively small sample sizes.