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Statistical properties of out-of-frame detection schemes for digital transmission systems

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3 Author(s)
K. Kang ; US Naval Postgraduate Sch., Monterey, CA, USA ; M. P. Bailey ; J. H. Eu

The importance of the misframe times for DS1 frame synchronization has often been addressed in designing and using network elements and mediation units. By extending the work of J. H. Eu and W. W. Rollins (1991), Markov chain first passage time analysis is used to derive higher moments of the misframe times in both random and burst error environments. This methodology is of great value in evaluating frame synchronization techniques for digital transmission systems. By experimenting with several out-of-frame detection schemes and reasonable values for bit error ratio (BER), it is shown that misframe times are always approximately exponentially distributed for all schemes

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IEEE Transactions on Communications  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 5 )