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Optimum diversity combining and equalization in digital data transmission with applications to cellular mobile radio. I. Theoretical considerations

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2 Author(s)
Balaban, Philip ; AT&T Bell Lab., Holmdel, NJ, USA ; Salz, J.

A comprehensive theory for Nth-order space diversity reception combined with various equalization techniques in digital data transmission over frequency-selective fading channels is developed. The channels are characterized by N arbitrary impulse responses possessing random parameters as well as N additive Gaussian noise sources. Various combiner-equalizers that minimize the mean-squared error are determined. Formulas are presented for the attainable least-mean-squared errors and upper bounds on average probabilities of error. The theory is applied to optimize system parameters and to predict performance for QAM data transmission operating over a model for the mobile radio channel. For this model, estimates of average attainable error rates and outage probabilities are provided as functions of system parameters. In the channel models the uncoded data rates as well as Shannon capacity are regarded as random variables

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Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 5 )