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Miniaturized reverse modulation loop of a CQPSK 120 Mbit/s modem for spacecraft applications

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4 Author(s)
Kirmse, Karen H.R. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI, USA ; Gupta, R. ; Assal, F.T. ; Kroll, R.T.

The design and performance of a miniaturized reverse modulation loop (RML) for a 120 Mbit/s coherent quadrature phase shift keying (CQPSK) modem for onboard satellite applications are presented. Analysis of time delays within the RML circuit indicates that any differential time-delay errors can adversely affect the associated BER and should be minimized. The RML circuit, consisting of a modulator, demodulator, and comparator circuit, has been fabricated using quasi-monolithic techniques with dimensions of 1.65×4 cm. The relative phase for all four states of the modulator is in close agreement with design values of 90°±1° over a 200 MHz bandwidth at 3.95 GHz. The demodulator and comparator circuits of the RML have successfully recovered a 120 Mbit/s bit stream. The RML circuit is capable of recovering higher bit rates because of relatively uniform amplitude and phase performance over the 3.7- to 4.2 GHz communications satellite band

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 6 )