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Joint multiple target tracking and classification in collaborative sensor networks

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3 Author(s)
Vercauteren, T. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Columbia Univ., New York, NY, USA ; Dong Guo ; Xiaodong Wang

We address the problem of jointly tracking and classifying several targets within a sensor network where false detections are present. In order to meet the requirements inherent to sensor networks such as distributed processing and low-power consumption, a collaborative signal processing algorithm is presented. At any time, for a given tracked target, only one sensor is active. This leader node is focused on a single target but takes into account the possible existence of other targets. It is assumed that the motion model of a given target belongs to one of several classes. This class-target dynamic association is the basis of our classification criterion. We propose an algorithm based on the sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) filtering of jump Markov systems to track the dynamic of the system and make the corresponding estimates. A novel class-based resampling scheme is developed in order to get a robust classification of the targets. Furthermore, an optimal sensor selection scheme based on the maximization of the expected mutual information is integrated naturally within the SMC target tracking framework. Simulation results are presented to illustrate the excellent performance of the proposed multitarget tracking and classification scheme in a collaborative sensor network.

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 4 )