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The load unbalance and the nonlinear loads result in a significant neutral current in the three-phase four-wire distribution power system. The Zig-Zag transformer has been proposed to attenuate the neutral current of the three-phase four-wire distribution power system. In this paper, an analysis is carried out and computer simulation is used to evaluate the performance of the Zig-Zag transformer under ideal and nonideal power conditions. The simulation results show that (a) the Zig-Zag transformer can effectively attenuate the neutral current and zero-sequence harmonic currents on the utility side under the balanced utility voltage, (b) the utility side neutral current becomes larger under the unbalanced utility voltage or the distorted utility voltage with zero sequence harmonic components after applying the Zig-Zag transformer, (c) the insertion of an inductor in the utility side of the neutral conductor can alleviate overloading of the neutral current caused by the unbalanced utility voltages and the distorted utility voltages with zero sequence harmonic components.
Date of Publication: April 2005