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Vision-based traffic surveillance systems are more and more employed for traffic monitoring, collection of statistical data and traffic control. We present an extension of such a system that additionally uses the captured image content for 3-D scene modeling and reconstruction. A basic goal of surveillance systems is to get a good coverage of the observed area with as few cameras as possible to keep the costs low. Therefore, the 3-D reconstruction has to be done from only a few original views with limited overlap and different lighting conditions. To cope with these specific restrictions we developed a model-based 3-D reconstruction scheme that exploits a priori knowledge about the scene. The system is fully calibrated offline by estimating camera parameters from measured 3-D-2-D correspondences. Then the scene is divided into static parts, which are modeled offline and dynamic parts, which are processed online. Therefore, we segment all views into moving objects and static background. The background is modeled as multitexture planes using the original camera textures. Moving objects are segmented and tracked in each view. All segmented views of a moving object are combined to a 3-D object, which is positioned and tracked in 3-D. Here we use predefined geometric primitives and map the original textures onto them. Finally the static and dynamic elements are combined to create the reconstructed 3-D scene, where the user can freely navigate, i.e., choose an arbitrary viewpoint and direction. Additionally, the system allows analyzing the 3-D properties of the scene and the moving objects.
Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:15 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: April 2005