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Fast factorization architecture in soft-decision Reed-Solomon decoding

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2 Author(s)
Xinmiao Zhang ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA ; Parhi, K.K.

Reed-Solomon (RS) codes are among the most widely utilized block error-correcting codes in modern communication and computer systems. Compared to its hard-decision counterpart, soft-decision decoding offers considerably higher error-correcting capability. The recent development of soft-decision RS decoding algorithms makes their hardware implementations feasible. Among these algorithms, the Koetter-Vardy (KV) algorithm can achieve substantial coding gain for high-rate RS codes, while maintaining a polynomial complexity with respect to the code length. In the KV algorithm, the factorization step can consume a major part of the decoding latency. A novel architecture based on root-order prediction is proposed in this paper to speed up the factorization step. As a result, the time-consuming exhaustive-search-based root computation in each iteration level, except the first one, of the factorization step is circumvented with more than 99% probability. Using the proposed architecture, a speedup of 141% can be achieved over prior efforts for a (255, 239) RS code, while the area consumption is reduced to 31.4%.

Published in:

Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )