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Digital image watermarks can be detected in the transform domain using maximum-likelihood detection, whereby the decision threshold is obtained using the Neyman-Pearson criterion. A probability distribution function is required to correctly model the statistical behavior of the transform coefficients. Earlier work has considered modeling the discrete wavelet transform coefficients using a Gaussian distribution. Here, we introduce a Laplacian model and establish via simulation that it can result in a better performance than the Gaussian model.
Date of Publication: April 2005