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Principal component analysis was applied to human gait patterns to investigate the role and relative importance of temporal versus spatial features. Datasets consisted of various limb and body angles sampled over increasingly long time intervals. We find that spatial and temporal cues may be useful for different aspects of recognition. Temporal cues contain information that can distinguish the phase of the gait cycle; spatial cues are useful for distinguishing running from walking. PCA and related techniques may be useful for identifying features used by the visual system for recognizing biological motion.