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Reduced-rank multistage receivers for DS-CDMA in frequency-selective fading channels

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3 Author(s)
Sau-Hsuan Wu ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; U. Mitra ; C. -C. J. Kuo

Multistage (MS) implementation of the minimum mean-square error (MMSE), minimum output energy (MOE), best linear unbiased estimation (BLUE), and maximum-likelihood (ML) filter banks (FBs) is developed based on the concept of the MS Wiener filtering (MSWF) introduced by Goldstein et al. These FBs are shown to share a common MS structure for interference suppression, modulo a distinctive scaling matrix at each filter's output. Based on this finding, a framework is proposed for joint channel estimation and multiuser detection (MUD) in frequency-selective fading channels. Adaptive reduced-rank equal gain combining (EGC) schemes for this family of FBs (MMSE, MOE, BLUE, and ML) are proposed for noncoherent blind MUD of direct-sequence code-division multiple-access systems, and contrasted with the maximal ratio combining counterparts that are also formed with the proposed common structure under the assumption of known channel-state information. The bit-error rate, steady-state output signal-to-interference plus noise ratio (SINR), and convergence of the output SINRs are investigated via computer simulation. Simulation results indicate that the output SINRs attain full-rank performance with much lower rank for a highly loaded system, and that the adaptive reduced-rank EGC BLUE/ML FBs outperform the EGC MMSE/MOE FBs, due to the unbiased nature of the implicit BLUE channel estimators employed in the EGC BLUE/ML schemes.

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IEEE Transactions on Communications  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 2 )