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The memory reference in digital signal processors (DSP) is among the most costly of operations due to its long latency and substantial power consumption. Previously proposed twiddle-factor-based butterfly grouping methods can effectively minimize memory references due to twiddle factors for implementing any existing fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithms on DSP. However, the performance of its C implementation on DSP is far behind the corresponding TI assembly benchmark for radix-2 DIF FFT due to limitations of the compiler. In this paper, we propose a hand-coded assembly implementation for the radix-2 DIF FFT algorithm with the twiddle-factor-based butterfly grouping method on a TI TMS320C64× DSP. Experimental results show that for 1024-pt radix-2 DIF FFT, our hand-coded assembly implementation is 8 times faster than the C implementation and slightly faster than the TI assembly benchmark while requiring only 50% of memory references due to twiddle factors compared to the TI assembly benchmark.
Date of Conference: 13-15 Dec. 2004