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Diffusion smoothing on brain surface via finite element method

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2 Author(s)
Chung, M.K. ; Dept. of Stat., Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI, USA ; Taylor, J.

Surface data such as the segmented cortical surface of the human brain plays an important role in medical imaging. To increase the signal-to-noise ratio for data residing on the brain surface, the data is usually diffused. Most of diffusion equation approach for triangulated mesh data is based on the finite element method and a system of linear equations are iteratively solved without the explicit representation of the Laplace-Beltrami operator. Such implicit formulation requires inverting large sparse matrix that is required in most finite element methods. The novelty of our paper is in the explicit representation of the Laplace-Beltrami operator derived from the finite element method itself. The Laplace-Beltrami operator is expressed as a weighted averaging operator where the weights are expressed in terms of the interior angles and the area of triangles. The weights are computed by actually solving the system of linear equations in the finite element method and inverting a matrix in a computational algebra system MAPLE. Afterwards the diffusion equation is solved via a simple finite difference scheme that speed up computation.

Published in:

Biomedical Imaging: Nano to Macro, 2004. IEEE International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

15-18 April 2004